As smart cars continue to evolve, so too will the infrastructures that will soon be able to directly communicate with these cars.
Via vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication, every new car on the road will be wirelessly talking with every other new car on the road. With capabilities including the ability to control steering for parking, engaging brakes, and even car diagnostics, V2V car controls will oversee everything from traffic management to stopping a vehicle from entering a dangerous intersection.
While all this might seem a little creepy, as vehicle-to-vehicle communication becomes more widespread, vehicle-to-government (V2Gov) communication will evolve into a common and extremely useful tool. Enabled by connected vehicle technology and eGovernment (eGov) strategies, the objective of V2Gov is to reassess, optimize and automate the delivery of vehicle-related public services to businesses and drivers. Technology, particularly the internet, has enabled greater interaction between public agencies and citizens, making vehicle-related transactions more time- and cost-efficient and convenient.
Currently products like those that offer seamless electronic vehicle registration are the first step in paving the way for expanded V2Gov communication.
V2gov is not a new concept. In fact, there are platforms that have been communicating information about vehicles to government for years. A perfect example of the benefits of eGov via V2Gov communication include the synchronization of electronic toll collection (ETC).
ETC was developed to help eliminate the delay on toll roads by collecting tolls electronically. Utilizing an automated vehicle identification (AVI) system, ETC determines whether the cars passing are enrolled in an ETC program, alerts enforcers of those that are not, and electronically debits the accounts of registered car owners without requiring them to stop.
According to GCN, the national newspaper for government computing and communications, currently 34 states utilize one of more than 115 different ETC platforms. The largest of which, the E-ZPass network, is supported in 15 states. However, there is no single ETC system that enables motorists and truckers to pay tolls in every state. The electric transponders that most tolling stations use often aren’t compatible with transponders in other states, so travelers from out of state are stuck paying cash or purchasing an additional transponder.
The tolling systems in various states are not connected today because some states restrict and limit which states have access, making easy electronic transponder travel beyond reach for now. Establishing a national ETC standard would not only make travel easier, but also provide a seamless step towards further improving road safety.
ETC is only one example of V2Gov communications’ digitally improving our travel lifestyle in the United States. It will also help improve law enforcement on roads through AVI, provide invaluable information on traffic patterns to improve our highway infrastructure, and even assist in the development of even smarter smart cars.
As it continues to develop, V2Gov has great potential to help build the digital relationship between a vehicle, owner, government and business.